One of the many sweet treats that are available today, cotton candy is possibly the one which exudes so much pleasure. Carnivals, circuses, street fairs, these are simply some events that would not be complete without a cotton candy existence. Summers even wouldn’t be a lot of fun summer with no spun treat around. Kids, and even adults, enjoy summertime and various fairs even more when they’re having a feast of the sugary treat. In actuality, even the more formal gatherings and parties have taken cotton candy at all, what with the endless creative possibilities which may be done with this product to fit it into any event needing some touch of sweetness in it.
It’s only fitting that this sweet confection connotes much pleasure. Really, we can understand why it is so with the fun facts about it recorded below: The contemporary world has allotted a special day for almost anything perceived as striking to observe, and spun sugar cure is no exception. In the United States at least, a National Cotton Candy Day is celebrated every December 7, highlighting how the sweet stuff has already had a hundred years of history into it to reach national significance. And needless to say, we need not state that cotton candy has from the time of its invention gradually delighted the whole world. Cotton candy bags are huge, as the finished product are also enormous. But the fact is that this confection is mostly air and only a little sugar, which accounts for its being lightweight, in fact, lighter than feathers.
- It was formerly called fairy floss and candy floss until 1920, referring to the tiny sugar strands where the product is made.
- It tastes very sweet since the only ingredient it has is sugar, but a serving conveys less calories with it compared to a can of soda. It won’t even lead to tooth decay when consumed only in moderate amount. Apart from that, it is fat-free treat. While we can enjoy this treat now fresh or pre-packaged, in several flavors, patterns, and colors, it remains the exact same treat that it had been when it was first devised. This is because it is an easy, flawless confection to begin with.
- In Asia, Japanese and Chinese cotton candy vendors have turned the spinning of sugar from a simple industry into a form of art that is both popular and glamorous, and classes about it have emerged in certain big cities.
- The machines that are used now in making this confection is usually the same as those which were used when the first cotton candy machine has been invented less than hundred years back. Innovations have been introduced, but the technology used remains the same.
- The cotton candy machine appears simple, but it is in fact a technology that applies the understanding of scientific principles associated with centrifugal force, the same way that some medical equipment and several other device applies the principle to achieve an intended outcome. In this sense, the machine could be thought to be an advancement in mathematics.
The sport of roller derby has gained a great popularity over the recent years, particularly among women. It is originally an American sport where, players lap the opponents for scoring their points. Originally, it didn’t have any fixed set of rules; however, after being a formalized sport it now has a lot of rules that must be followed. Being an adventure game, roller derby gear are quite useful for the protection of players.
Each player must be equipped with roller derby gear for their protection.
All these periods may range between 20 to 30 minutes depending on the number of periods in a game.
The amount of players in a team is five. Out of those five players, three are blockers, 1 jammer and the last player is pivot. The pivots are responsible for leading the pack constituted from the pivot and blockers.
The jammer players are required to stand 20 feet behind the pack in the start of the game.
The referee signals the start of jam by blowing a whistle. Upon this first whistle pack formation takes place which needs to stay as it is for the whole duration of the jam. The second whistle signals the jammers to get started.
Each jam last for 2 minute. This enables them to score points. So as to block the jammers in the opposite team, the pack should stay maintained, failing that, the pack cannot block the jammer from lapping. In the event of an offensive blocking, roller gear proves very handy to protect you.
The decision of who becomes the lead jammer is made on the basis of that has lapped all the blockers and pivots first. The lead jammer gains authority to stop the jam whenever he/she wishes even prior to the conclusion of the two minutes period.
However, the entire pack must be maintained throughout and every blocker can only use the portion of their body over the thigh. They can’t hit or hold the jammer with their elbows. Violation of this rule can lead to a penalty on the group. Once again, jammers will need to be wearing proper roller derby equipment to stay protected from unintended or planned attacks.
Penalties may be levied to the players or the team if the blockers become offensive or illegal, in cases of fights, or violation of any of the rules of the sport.
The majority of historians believe that chess is the oldest game of skill in existence. There are written records of chess being played all of the way back in the 6th century in what is now modern Afghanistan and India. This was the Persian Empire, and so the earliest chess boards and sets were Persian-made pieces used in the match they termed”chaturanga.” Unfortunately, no known pieces from the first few centuries of Persian chess sets remain in life. Maybe someday an archeological dig will be fortunate enough to discover a few bits, or maybe even a whole set, of this early version of chess.
The Persian Empire was enormous, and it was famous for being among the most prolific trading empires. There was no corner of the empire which these dealers didn’t reach, and they brought chess with them. The first version of chess quickly spread throughout the empire. These ancient chess pieces were made from many different substances throughout the Persian Empire, depending on the means of their owners.
More extravagant pieces were carved from hardwoods like ebony and rosewood. The very best early chess sets were carved from ivory, which was favored by craftsman for its ease of carving and ability to polish to a fine shine.
Luckily, examples of a number of these early ivory chessmen still survive today. Pieces were discovered in modern-day Uzbekistan, and they are in very good condition.
These bits were the old style chessmen that were found in the Persian Empire’s version of chess.
More contemporary, European chess sets that players are knowledgeable about today date from not too long after this. The first example of those European chess pieces were preserved in a monastery in Ager, Spain. These Ager pieces date from 1021. They are made from rock crystal which hasn’t survived the ravages of time quite well, and only a few of the pieces are in good enough condition to find out their use. The legend told by the monks who preserved the bits over the years is that the set was originally carved for Charlemagne.
The oldest chess pieces that can be combined together to form a full set date back to the 12th century. These pieces, known as the Lewis Pieces, contain 96 individual bits that came from four individual sets. They were created in Norway out of ivory formed from walrus tusk and whale teeth. They’re in phenomenal condition, and look as though they would be nice to use in a match now if they were not under glass at the British Museum.
European-style chess sets all had the same bits, but there were many different competing designs for specific pieces. This led to conflicts in games, when players would refuse to play each other due to the unrecognizable of particular pieces. A standard design for competition chess sets, known as the Staunton, was constructed in 1849 by Nathaniel Cook. It is still the style used in chess competitions across the world today.
In the last article of sailing newcomer, I went over some sailing conditions related to rigging and raising the mainsail. In this sailing beginner article we are going to discuss how to sail from day one, this being the first day. Hopefully, the wind is just at 5 or 6 knots, making it effortless to maintain control of the sailboat, particularly when this is your first time at the helm.
Sailing Tip:Also to keep things manageable, I would suggest using just the mainsail for now, it’s better to wait till you have gained a certain amount of experience using the sails individually initially.
You’ll have plenty of opportunity to use both at a later time. Assuming that the main is up, next you will need to turn the tiller towards your intended direction of travel until the sail finds the end. By the way, a tiller is the steering mechanism on smaller sailing boats. However take note, the tiller steers in the opposite direction you will want to go. If you turn the tiller to the vent or [left] side of the boat, it will direct to the right or the starboard side. So unlike a car, the tiller works just the opposite! On the other hand, a ship wheel works precisely the same as the steering wheel on a vehicle. So depending on how your sailboat is equipped with a tiller or a ships wheel will determine how you’ll steer with it.
Sailing Tip:I would suggest learning how to sail with the wind for a little while before tacking or sailing upwind.
Just bear in mind that sailing downwind is much faster and simpler than tacking! It is a good reminder to be aware of the time and allow a lot of time to return to your original destination. The boom block is a sailing term that’s a set of pulleys which are attached to the end of the boom and allows you to position the boom in a variety of angles up to 90 degrees perpendicular to the mast.
Running or reaching is the sailing term for traveling downwind and depending on the angle of the mainsail in connection with the end, determines if you’re running or reaching. If running, the job of the mainsail is approximately 90 degrees to the center line of the hull. However if you’re reaching, then the mainsail is at an angle less than 90 degrees in relation to the wind.
Depending upon your natural abilities, you may be happy reaching at first. By experimenting with angling the boom, you will gain the essential skills for running or reaching. But there a wide selection of boom angles between a beam reach and running downwind. The sails are eased away from the boat, but not as much as on a run or dead run (sailing directly downwind).
Next you’ll need to turn or come about. There are essentially two ways to accomplish this, by tacking or turning upwind is one way, or you can jibe or turn downwind that is quicker than a tack turn. The reason being is that in a jibe turn you’ve got the wind behind you pushing the sailboat through the turn, instead of a turning to the wind in a tack turn. I suggest you practice both ends the tack and jibe till you feel comfortable, as you will need this skill to tack or sail upwind.
Hopefully, this article about how to sail is going to be a basic building block in your lifelong endeavor of sailing.
Hot air ballooning has been around for well over 100 years, but it’s not always been available for everybody to enjoy. Nowadays, it is a popular activity and enjoyed by thousands of people all around the world. However, it has not always been so easy or popular to participate.
The First Ever Balloon Flight
The first ever-hot air balloon made was nothing like the hot air balloons used now. For starters, it was much smaller – not even enough room for a person to fit inside!
Instead of designed to transport passengers, they were more decorative and used during celebrations such as festivals and ceremonies. They were popular as they were simple and cheap to create, but were extremely pretty and delicate to observe. They were also used for military signalling way before telephones and tanks were invented!
Lots of people have always had a fascination with hot air balloons and the physics of creating a machine that flies with no engine. The first manned balloon flight was recorded to have taken flight around the 15th of October 1783. Etienne Montgolfier was the first human to man a balloon flight, ascending into the atmosphere above Paris. The balloon was tethered to the ground to prevent the balloon from flying too high, but he showed that these balloons can also be made for people.
The physics behind flying a balloon has not changed much since the first manned flight, however the style and design of the balloon have shifted radically.
Lanterns were used as military signals before satellites, radios and telephones were invented. These were made of similar materials and with the very same physics that power balloon flights now. Hot air balloons have been used in wartime since then; even with new technologies there has still been a need for them. This is because they’re relatively simple and cheap to build but can also be extremely effective. They have been used to protect towns from the enemy as they float just above buildings which makes it hard for aeroplanes to fly near.
How Balloons Are Used Today
Hot air balloons have different uses today. Before they were used as signs or parties. Whereas now they’re used for industrial balloon flights, sight seeing adventures and even as enormous advertisements.
There are thousands of ballooning companies across the world that offer balloon trips. There are a variety of packages people can select from including VIP, which usually includes some special champagne. Or commercial balloon flights, which are common and give 10 or fewer passengers the chance to see the skies!
Air balloon trips are so popular as they give folks a chance to see the skies in a different way. When they were first devised, balloon trips were just for the privileged, but nowadays balloon flights are used for a numerous of reasons, including adventure trips, a means of advertising and for corporate occasions.